Color Stability of Bulk Fill Composite Resins Submitted to Coffee Staining





Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the color stability of different bulk fill composite resins after extrinsic staining with coffee. Material and methods: Forty-eight disk-shaped specimens (6 mm diameter x 2 mm thick) of each composite resin were prepared for color change test. The composite resins were divided into 4 groups (n=12): one conventional composite resin (Filtek Z250) and three bulk-fill composite resins (Filtek Bulk Fill, Aura Bulk Fill, and Opus Bulk Fill). The samples were stained with 20 mL coffee solution for 7 days, with the solution being replaced every 24 h. The color change analysis was performed using a spectrophotometer, according to the CIE Lab formula. Data were analyzed using the Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey HSD tests (?=0.05). Results: The results revealed significant differences in color change among the composite resins tested (?<0.0001). The Aura Bulk Fill and Opus Bulk Fill showed the highest color change values. Conclusions: Thus, all the resins analyzed were susceptible to extrinsic staining with coffee, and the Filtek Bulk Fill showed the lowest color change value.


Opdam NJ, Van de Sande FH, Bronkhorst E, Cenci MS, Bottenberg P, Pallesen U, Gaengler P, et al. Longevity of posterior composite restorations: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Dent Res. 2014 Oct; 93(10): 943-9.

Tavangar M, Bargheri R, Kwon TY, Mese A, Marton DJ. Influence of beverages and surface roughness on the color change of resin composites. J Investig Clin Dent. 2018 Aug; 9(3): 1-8.

Um CM, Ruyter IE. Staining of resin-based veneering materials with coffee and tea. Quintessence Int. 1991 May; 22(5): 377-86.

Bicalho AA, Valdívia AD, Barreto BC, Tantbjroin D, Versluis A, Soares CJ. Incremental filling technique and composite material-part II: shrinkage and shrinkage stresses. Oper Dent. 2014 Mar - Apr; 39(2): 83-92.

Soares CJ, Rosatto CMP, Carvalho VF, Bicalho AA, Henriques J, Faria-E-Silva AL. Radiopacity and Porosity of Bulk-fill and Conventional Composite Posterior Restorations-Digital X-ray Analysis. Oper Dent. 2017 Nov - Dec; 42(6): 616-25.

Van ende A, De Munck J, Lise DP, Van Meerbeek B. Bulk-Fill Composites: A Review of the Current Literature. J Adhes Dent. 2017 Feb; 19(2): 95-109.

Bayraktar Y, Ercan E, Hamidi MM, Colak H. One-year clinical evaluation of different types of bulk-fill composites. J Investig Clin Dent. 2016 May; 8(2): 1-9.

Yazici AR, Antonson SA, Kutuk ZB, Ergin E. Thirty-Six-Month Clinical Comparison of bulk fill and Nanofill Composite Restorations. Oper Dent. 2017 Sep - Oct; 42(5): 478-85.

Heck K, Manhart J, Hickel R, Diegritz C. Clinical evaluation of the bulk fill composite Qui Xfil in molar class I and II cavities: 10-year results of a RCT. Dent Mater. 2018 Apr; 34(6): 138-47.

Bellinaso MD, Soares FZM, Rocha RO. Do bulk-fill resins decrease the restorative time in posterior teeth? A systematic review and meta-analysis of in vitro studies. J Investig Clin Dent. 2019;10:e12463.

Fronza BM, Rueggeberg FA, Braga RR, Mogilevych B, Soares LE, Martin AA, et al. Monomer conversion, microhardness, internal marginal adaptation, and shrinkage stress of bulk-fill resin composites. Dent Mater. 2015 Dec; 31(12): 1542-51.

Ostapiuk M, Tarczydlo B, Surowska B, Orlowski M, Tymczyna B, Bachanek T, et al. Qualitative analysis of the margins of restorations made with different filling resins. Micros Res Tech. 2018 Aug; 81(8): 823-31.

Aromaa MK, Lassila LVJ, Vallittu, PK. Effect of Distance on Light Transmission Through Polymerized Resin Composite. Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent. 2017 Aug; 25(3): 131-5.

Brandão RB, Martin CCS, Cartise ABCEB, Evilson MP, Guimarães MA. Heat induced changes to dental resin composites: a reference in forensic investigations? J Forensic Sci. 2007 Jul; 52(4): 913-9.

Iazzetti G, Burgess JO, Gerdiner D, Ripps A. Color stability of fluoride-containing restorative materials. Oper Dent. 2000 Nov - Dec; 25(6): 520-5.

Barutcigil Ç, Barutcigil K, Ozarslan MM, Dundar A, Yilmaz B. Color of bulk-fill composite resin restorative materials. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2018 Mar; 30(2): 3-8.

Ruyter IE, Nilner K, Möler B. Color stability of dental composite resin materials for crown and bridge veneers. Dent Mater. 1987 Oct; 3(5): 246-51.

Yap AU, Sim CP, Loh WL, Teo JH. Human-eye versus computerized color matching. Oper Dent. 1999 Nov - Dec; 24(6): 358-63.

Tan BL, Yap AU, Ma HN, Chew J, Tan WJ. Effect of Beverages on Color and Translucency of New Tooth-Colored Restoratives. Oper Dent. 2015 Mar - Apr; 40(2): 56-65.

Trevisan TC, Gusson Junior M, Bortolatto JF, Pigossi S, Oliveira Junior OB, Ricci WA. Color stability of conventional and bulk fill composite resins. RGO. 2018 Jan - Mar; 66(1): 15-20.

Bagheri R, Burrow MF, Tyas M. Influence of food-simulating solutions and surface finish on susceptibility to staining of aesthetic restorative materials. J Dent. 2005 May; 33(5): 389-98.

Mundim FM, Garcia LFR, Pires-de-Souza FCP. Effect of staining solutions and repolishing on color stability of direct composites. J Appl Oral Sci. 2010 May - Jun; 18(3): 249-54.

Domingos PAS, Garcia PPNS, Oliveira ALBM, Palma RGD. Composite resin color stability: influence of light sources and immersion media. J Appl Oral Sci. 2011 May - Jun; 19(3): 204-11.

Barutcigil Ç, Yildiz M. Intrinsic and extrinsic discoloration of dimethacrylate and silorane based composites. J Dent. 2012 Jul; 40: 57-63.

Ertas E, Guler AU, Yucel AÇ, Koprulu H, Guler E. Color stability of resin composites after immersion in different drinks. Dent Mater J. 2006 Jun; 25(2): 371-6.

Guler AU, Guler E, Yucel AC, Ertas E. Effects of polishing procedures on color stability of composite resins. J Appl Oral Sci. 2009 Mar - Apr; 17(2): 108-12.

Beltrami R, Ceci M, Pani G, Vialba L, Federico R, Poggio C, et al. Effect of different surface finishing/polishing procedures on color stability of esthetic restorative materials: A spectrophotometric evaluation. Eur J Dent. 2018 Jan - Mar; 12(1): 49-56.

Mansouri SA, Zidan AZ. Effect of Water Sorption and Solubility on Color Stability of Bulk-Fill Resin Composite. J Contemp Dent Pract, 2018; 19:1129–1134.

Bolaños VC, Benavides CR, Gonzáles SL, Gonzáles PR, Álvarez PL. Influence of Spectroscopic Techniques on the Estimation of the Degree of Conversion of Bulk-fill Composites. Oper Dent. 2020 Jan - Fev; 45 (1): 92-103.

Gonçalves F, Campos LMP, Rodrigues Junior EC, Costa FV, Marques PA, Francci CE, et al. A comparative study of bulk-fill composites: degree of conversion, post-gel shrinkage and cytotoxicity. Braz Oral Res. 2018 Mar; 8:32-e17.

Luiz BKM, Amboni RDMC, Prates LHM, Bertolino JR, Pires ATN. Influence of drinks on resin composite: Evaluation of degree of cure and color change parameters. Polymer Testing. 2007 Jun; 26(4): 438-44.

Samra AP, Pereira SK, Delgado LC, et al. Color stability evaluation of aesthetic restorative materials. Braz Oral Res, 2008; 22:205–210.

Schroeder T, Da Silva PB, Basso GR, Franco MC, Maske TT, Cenci MS. Factors affecting the color stability and staining of esthetic restorations. Odontology. 2019 Oct; 107(4): 507-12.






Clinical or Laboratorial Research Manuscript