Bond strength to ZLS ceramics at different etching times and cementation protocols after aging

Kevelin Poliana Palma Rigo Thiesen, Maria Daniela Basso de Souza, Vera Lucia Schmitt, Flávia Pardo Salata Nahsan, Fabiana Scarparo Naufel


Objective: To assess the influence of 5% hydrofluoric acid etching time (ET), cementation protocol (CP), and thermal cycling (TC) aging on the microshear bond strength (µSBS) of zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramic (ZLS) to adhesive resin cement. Material and Methods: Ten VITA Suprinity® ceramic blocks were cut in 120 slices (1.4 mm thickness) and randomly assigned to 12 groups (n = 10) according to the combination of factors (2x3x2 design): etching time (20 or 30 s), cementation protocol (silane + universal adhesive + resin cement; universal adhesive + resin cement; silane + resin cement) and thermal cycling (cycled or no-cycled). RelyX Ceramic Primer and Scotchbond™ Universal Adhesive were used respectively as silane (S) and universal adhesive (Ua). Ceramic surface was etched, and the cementation protocol performed on the delimited bonding area. Then, resin cement (RelyX™ Ultimate Cement [Rc]) cylinders were bonded and light cured. After, specimens were stored in deionized water at 37°C for 7 days and subjected to the µSBS test. Results: Data passed the normality test and three-way ANOVA analysis showed statistical difference (p<0.01) for isolated; double (ET/TC) (p<0.05), and triple (p<0.05) factor interactions. Conclusion: The combination 30s etching-Ua-Rc presented higher adhesive bond strength after thermal aging.

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