Influence of fluoride-releasing materials in the inhibition of enamel and dentin demineralization around restorations
Objective: The aim was to evaluate the influence of fluoride-releasing restorative materials in enamel and dentin
microhardness. Material and Methods: 40 blocks (5x5x3 mm) from cervical third of human molars received a cavity
preparation between the enamel and dentin, and the restorations were subjected to in vitro caries model. Specimens
were randomly restored with (n=10): conventional glass ionomer cement (Ketac Cem, 3M ESPE); polyacid-modified
composite resin (Ionoseal, VOCO); resin-modified glass ionomer cement (Ionofast, Biodinâmica); or microhybrid
composite resin (Filtek Z250, 3M ESPE). The specimens were sectioned longitudinally and enamel and dentin
Knoop microhardness were determined at different distances from the restorative material (100, 200 and 300 um)
and depth of surface (20, 40 and 60 um). The data were submitted to three-way repeated measures ANOVA and
Tukey´s test (a=0.05). Results: For enamel, the double interactions between material x distance and material x
depth were statistically significant. In all depths and distances, the highest values of enamel microhardness were
observed for Ketac Cem. In dentin, the materials differed statistically from each other, and Ionoseal obtained higher
microhardness values than those found in Ionofast. Conclusion: Conventional glass ionomer cement is more effective
in preventing enamel demineralization around restoration followed by the polyacid-modified composite resin. In
dentin, the polyacid-modified composite resin obtained better performance than resin-modified glass ionomer cement.
Compomers; Dental caries; Glass ionomer cements; Hardness tests; Composite Resins.