Shear resistance evaluation on the enamel surface of deciduous teeth following acid etching with or without previous air abrasion
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear resistance of a composite resin to the enamel surface of deciduous teeth after acid etching surface with or without previous air abrasion. Sixteen sound exfoliated deciduous incisors were assigned to 2 groups. Group I was acid etched with 37% phosphoric acid and Group II was air abraded with 50-mm aluminum oxide particles for 15 seconds, at 80 psi and a 5-mm distance from the dental surface. The adhesive system Scotchbond Multi Purpose and Z100 composite resin was applied on both experimental groups. The Student’s t test demonstrated significant statistical difference between the groups (p=0.0001). The mean shear bond strengths for groups I and II are 10.65 MPa and 6.32 MPa, respectively. The authors concluded that the maximum bond strength was achieved by isolated acid etching, which yielded a significantly larger shear resistance than in combination with air abrasion.